Van Vliet Michelle T.H., Wiberg David and Riahi Keywan
Parution:4 January 2016
Titre Ouvrage:Power-generation system vulnerability and adaptation to changes in climate and water resources
Édition:Nature Climate Change, published online
Hydropower and thermoelectric power together contribute 98% of the world’s electricity generation at present. These power-generating technologies both strongly depend on water availability, and water temperature for cooling also plays a critical role for thermoelectric power generation. Climate change and resulting changes in water resources will therefore affect power generation while energy demands continue to increase with economic development and a growing world population. This paper presents a global assessment of the vulnerability of the world’s current hydropower and thermoelectric power-generation system to changing climate and water resources, and test adaptation options for sustainable water–energy security during the twenty-first century.