Rubrique:Usages de l’énergie
Titre Ouvrage:Estimating the potential for electricity savings in households
Édition:Energy Economics, vol. 63
Improving efficiency in the use of energy is an important goal for many nations since end-use energy efficiency can help to reduce CO2 emissions. Furthermore, since the residential sector in industrialised countries requires around one third of the end-use electricity, it is important for policy makers to estimate the scope for electricity saving in households to reduce electricity consumption by using appropriate steering mechanisms. We estimate the level of technical efficiency in the use of electricity using data from a Swiss household survey. We find an average inefficiency in electricity use by Swiss households of around 20 to 25%. Bottom-up economic-engineering models estimate the potential in Switzerland to be around 15%. In this paper we use a sub-vector input distance frontier function based on economic foundations. Our estimates lie at the upper end of the electricity saving potential estimated by the afore-mentioned economic-engineering approach.
Disponible sur : www.sciencedirect.com